Fashion is capricious, like a baby, and so it has always been. But as fashion clothing, constantly changing, and representations of female beauty. And it was not only in the XX century. And in the past, it appears, had its Twiggy, Marilyn Monroe and their … I suggest to see this as an example the famous mythological story – the Three Graces, and see what they have seen artists of different eras in European history.
The ancient Romans called Graces goddess of youth, beauty and joy, spreading joy and charm. Traditionally, they were represented in the form of three beautiful girls. In Greek mythology, they correspond Charites – three goddesses of joy and fun of life, the embodiment of elegance and appeal.
It is believed that in ancient Greece, was born of the canonical image. So, they are usually shown grouped in such a way that the two ends are facing the viewer, and the one in the middle – his back, his head turned half-turned. This story later was copied many times by various artists.
Three Graces. Mosaic from Pompeii
Photo. “The Three Graces.” Fresco from Pompeii, c. 60 AD
Ancient Rome, I c. BC
Roman art lived on strict canons, which nobody even occur to violate. Considered a beauty ideal figure to exact mathematical proportions between the different parts of the body. And the figure of a woman was no exception here – above all revered compliance with harmony. Hence the wide hips. small breasts, physically developed body athletes. Learn more about fashions.
Gradually, however, even in the canonical art appears individuality. So Grace on the mural is more alive with personality traits (different leg length, the difference in the figure). But retained the old body proportions (long torso, short legs, wide hips, small breasts, narrow shoulders – a figure of a girl, not a woman).
Three Graces. Raphael
Photo. “Three Graces.” Raphael, 1504-1505 gg., Gallery of Chantilly.
Rafael (Italy), XVI century.
The painting by Raphael shows the same three Graces – Innocence, beauty and love – each holding a perfect golden ball, a symbol of perfection.
At this time in European art there is an interest for man and for the human body. The image of a woman gradually appear realistic – and as a consequence – the roundness of a rounded shape. Soft rounded shoulders and knees, puffy hands and feet, surround the pelvis, and is still small breasts. Maybe it’s because women are more likely seen as a symbol of perfection, rather than as a reality?
Three Graces, Hans Baldung
Photo. Three Graces, Hans Baldung, 1540, Madrid, Prado Museum.
Hans Baldung (Germany), XVI century
In the Middle Ages in Germany – the domination of Christianity, including the arts. Symbol of female attractiveness is the Virgin Mary – the image of the ideal, and perhaps why it is so unlike the usual terrestrial women. And at that time, women’s images in the foreground features relevant to more icons than portraits – large head, sharp oval face, large clear eyes, thin lips, weak sloping shoulders, long legs and thin ankles and … rounded tummy. For this beauty that time even puts a pillow under your special dress.
And probably for the same reason, the three Graces sample XVI century – most dressed.