The first major charity event held in September 1981, when he came to the show «The Secret Policeman’s Other Ball» organization “Amnesty International”, at the invitation of producer Martin Lewis, and sang “I Don’t Like Mondays”
In 1984, Geldof reacted to reports of famine in Ethiopia, a call to the world of music to do anything with it. With Midge Yurom from the group Ultravox he wrote the song “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” (“Do they know that now Christmas?”) To raise funds for famine relief. The song was recorded by many different artists, who spoke under the collective name Band Aid.
In the first week after the release of the single became a champion on the speed of sales, took first place in the charts and has sold over three million copies, becoming the biggest selling single in the United Kingdom to the point and retaining the title for 13 years. The song also became a major hit in the U.S., despite the fact that from Christmas to release the single was a long time. “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” returned to the UK charts a year later, taking the third position, and eventually gathered more than 8 million pounds.
In the wake of this success has started preparations for the biggest rock concert in history, planned for the coming summer.
After studying the problem, Geldof discovered that one of the reasons that African people are in terrible danger, have been paid on loans that their countries were taken from Western banks. For every pound of pozhervovanny in aid had ten pounds, which were to leave the country as payment for debts. It became apparent that one song is not enough.
July 13, 1985 Geldof and Ure organized Live Aid, a grand concert, while the last at Wembley Stadium in London and the John Fitzgerald Kennedy in Philadelphia, USA. BBC released a broadcast for 16 hours and concerts were broadcast live on television and radio.
It was the most monumental in the history of the show, including Phil Collins flight on the Concorde from England to America, which allowed him to speak that day at Wembley and in Philadelphia.
After almost seven hours after the concert in London, Geldof gave a famous interview in which he complained about the millions of viewers, using the word “fuck”. The fact that a representative of BBC Hipvort David, who took the interview, began to read out a list of addresses to which you can transfer the money, but Geldof interrupted him in the middle, shouting: “Fuck the address, we need numbers!” (“Fuck the address let’s get the numbers!”). After this amount of remittances has increased to 300 pounds per second.
Shokiruschee video about the dying children, as shown by the song “Drive” group The Cars, also contributed to the success of the concert.
Overall, Live Aid raised more than ? 150 million in favor of the starving. Subsequently, Geldof was knighted at the time he was 34 years old.
Most of the money collected was sent to Ethiopia, civil society organizations, some of which were under the influence, or were controlled by the military junta of the Provisional Military Administrative Council of Ethiopia. Some journalists have speculated that the military-administrative council could use the money collected for the resettlement of people, which resulted in at least three million people were displaced and 50 to 100,000 killed. However, in November 2010, the BBC formally apologized Geldof over their misconceptions about the Band Aid, saying that they did not have any data on how that money is Band Aid used to purchase weapons.
The Commission for Africa
In January 2004, being with friends in Ethiopia, Geldof learned that now, hungry, more people than have died from hunger in 1984/85, respectively. He telephoned the British Prime Minister Tony Blair from Addis Ababa. The result was a “Commission for Africa.” Blair invited Geldof and 16 commissioners, mostly African politicians to examine Africa’s problems. They made two conclusions: Africa needs change, root out corruption in government and army, and the richer countries should support them in these changes. This meant doubling aid, debt cancellation and trade reform. The Commission has made a detailed plan to achieve these goals, which was launched in March 2005. In the following months it became clear that world leaders have not taken it seriously. To draw attention to the issue Geldof decided to organize a new international campaign for Africa, in the form of eight simultaneous concerts around the world, thereby putting pressure on the Group of Eight. He called it Live 8. The program of the Commission subsequently became the basis for the Big Eight summit in 2005 at Gleneagles (Scotland).
DATA and the ONE Campaign
Geldof has worked closely with DATA (Debt, AIDS, Trade, Africa), an organization created by Bono of the band U2 in 2002 to promote the program of debt relief, trade with third countries, the fight against AIDS in Africa. It merged with the Campaign ONE Campaign in 2008, where Geldof also actively worked. In June 2009, on behalf of the ONE Campaign, he participated in editing a special edition of the Italian newspaper La Stampa, illuminating the 35th summit of the Group of Eight.
In March 2005, Geldof and Ure announced the Live 8 project aimed at understanding the problems of Africa, including government debt, trade barriers, hunger, and AIDS. Geldof organized a series of concerts July 2, 2005 in the large cities of developed countries. They participated in different directions musicians from around the world. Concerts were held in London, Paris, Berlin, Rome, Philadelphia, Barrie, Chiba, Johannesburg, Moscow, Cornwall and Edinburgh.
Concerts are free and are held on the eve of the Group of Eight summit in Gleneagles (July 6). Ure organized the final concert in Edinburgh. “Boys and girls with guitars will eventually revolutionize the world” – then said Geldof. The concert in London was remarkable first performance since 1981, Pink Floyd’s classic composition, with bassist Roger Waters.